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BERE REGIS

Toopy's buses - the 'brown bombers' of Dorset

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A story that could fill many pages

80th ANNIVERSARY YEAR  1929 - 2009






cover of new book December 2012: a hardback history published by Hobnob Press

BERE REGIS & DISTRICT MOTOR SERVICES
the life and times of country busmen

written by Andrew Waller

Available from the publishers, £26 including postage
new Bere Regis book






From humble beginnings on 29th October 1929 - when a 22 year old bus driver called Reg Toop decided to leave his employer George Vacher and set up in business on his own in competition against him with a Ford Model T 14-seater - this organisation grew to be the largest independent operator in the county of Dorset in post-war years.   Whether by coincidence or as consequence, Vacher sold his business to the expanding Hants & Dorset Motor Services in August 1930, and remained in their employ as the local inspector for many years afterwards.  He died in 1958 at the age of 71.  Vacher had originally traded as Bere Regis Motor Services - the name that Toop then acquired almost by default when it became available, changing it to Bere Regis & District, having previously traded as Pioneer.

Vacher had operated from his home village of Bere Regis since horse drawn days and acquired his first motor bus in 1919.  This was used on routes to Dorchester on Wednesdays and Saturdays and to Poole on Mondays and Thursdays.  By 1927 there were two motor vehicles and additional routes were being run to Blandford, Bournemouth, Wimborne and Wareham.  With regards to the latter destination, Harry Farr was running a motor bus to Wareham from Bere Regis on Thursdays and Saturdays too, since at least 1920.

Toop driving Vacher's charabanc late 1920s

A picture of George Vacher's Bere Regis Motor Service from the late 1920's. The charabanc was carrying 27 people, plus the driver. The driver, in the peaked cap is Reg Toop, who in 1929 went on to establish Bere Regis Motor Services, which rapidly built into a large enterprise across Dorset.
photo courtesy of John Pitfield, from the History of Bere Regis in Pictures



Toop drove for Vacher from the age of 14.  To start his own business and buy his first bus, he borrowed money from several people in Bere Regis, including Doctor Liss and Applin the butcher. The initial routes operated by Toop were:

·         Bere Regis - Kingston - Zelstone – Lytchett Matravers – Poole (once on Monday and Friday, four times on Saturday and Sunday)

·         Bere Regis – Bere Heath – Wareham (Thursday and Saturday)

·         Bere Regis – Bere Heath - Bloxworth – Morden - Wimborne (Tuesday)

·         Bere Regis – Kingston – Zelstone – Sturminster Marshall – Wimborne (Tuesday)

·         Zelstone – Kingston -Bere Regis – Dorchester (Wednesday)

·         Bere Regis – Kingston - Lytchett Matravers – Wareham (presumed Thursday for market but discontinued by 1933). 

One might wonder if there were enough passengers in the area to warrant a competitive operation, but this was good bus operating territory.  Bere Regis is a substantial village surrounded by a circle of market towns within a ten to twelve mile radius, and there was a long previous history of horse drawn carrier operations stretching back over the years.  In 1930 two Chevrolets joined the fleet to supplement the Model T.  In the same year the market day routes of  James (Jim) Ironside of Winfrith were acquired by Toop:

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – East Burton – Wool –Wareham (Thursday)

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – Broadmayne – Dorchester (Wednesday and Saturday)

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – Poxwell – Weymouth (Saturday evening service added by Toop to existing Tuesday and Friday service)

From reports in the local press at the time, Toop's operations were alleged to sometimes run with a scant regard for such niceties as the route specified in his road service licence!  In March 1936 the daily route between Poole, Morden, Bloxworth, Bere Regis and Dorchester, established in 1926, was brought into the growing business when Davis of Bloxworth joined the partnership.  These were the routes run by Davis:

·         Morden – Bloxworth - Bere Regis – Kingston – Almer – Lytchett Matravers – Wimborne (Tuesday)

·         Bloxworth – Morden – Wareham (Thursday)

·         Morden – Bloxworth - Bere Regis – Kingston – Almer – Spetisbury – Blandford (Thursday)

·         Poole – Lytchett Matravers – Morden – Bloxworth – Bere Regis – Dorchester

                     (weekdays Poole – Bere Regis; Wednesday and Saturday on from Bere Regis to Dorchester)

Hants & Dorset had considered purchasing the Israel Davis business, but the purchase did not proceed because the revenue on the main Poole-Dorchester route was below cost and unsustainable.  After the negotiations failed the frequency of the service was reduced.


1936 aftr Ironside joined Toop
A picture from 1936, shortly after Mr Ironside joined with Mr Toop, beside their Wycombe-bodied Gilford 176S Hera bus YG7085 while out on a coach trip. At the left is Bill Ironside and on the right Fred Hann, the driver, who was later manager of Bere Regis in Wimborne and Ferndown for many years before becoming publican of the Rising Sun in Wimborne.  Dolphin Coaches took over their later Wimborne premises in Stone Lane in 1996 and are still there (with the modern derivative of their old telephone number which was Wimborne 32).  The Dolphin Coaches business was started and run by Fred Hann's nephew Terry Hann.
photo courtesy of John Pitfield, from the History of Bere Regis in Pictures



A few months later Bill Ironside (whose father's routes from Winfrith had been acquired by Toop six years earlier) also joined the business as a partner.  Bill had driven for his father Jim since the age of 15, and was to become the driving force in developing and running the Bere Regis & District business.  With the setting up of the partnership there was some rationalisation of the routes, which were intertwined to some degree.  These are the 1936 routes, together with the road service licence numbers allocated to them by the Western Traffic Area office:

·         Bere Regis – Bere Heath - Bloxworth – Morden – Lytchett Matravers -Wimborne (Tuesday)  H4174

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – East Burton – Wool –Wareham (Thursday)  H4175

·         Bere Regis - Kingston - Zelstone – Worlds End – Morden – Poole (once Monday and Friday, three Saturday, four Sunday)  H4176      

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – Broadmayne – Dorchester (Wednesday and Saturday)          H4177 

·         Winfrith – East Knighton – Poxwell – Weymouth (Saturday and Public Holidays)            H4178

·         Zelstone – Kingston -Bere Regis – Dorchester (Wednesday)  H4179

·         Bere Regis – Bere Heath – Wareham (Thursday and Saturday)  H4204 

·         Poole – Lytchett Matravers – Morden – Bloxworth – Bere Regis (four times each weekday)  H4205        

·         Bere Regis – Affpuddle - Dorchester (Wednesday and Saturday)  H4205

Between them the three partners, Reg Toop, Percy (son of Israel) Davis and Bill Ironside, expanded the fledgling enterprise - largely by acquisition of other businesses, especially during the Second World War - from pre-war market day services to an extensive post-war rural and interurban network with regular daily routes serving Dorchester, Sherborne, Yeovil, Sturminster Newton, Shaftesbury, Blandford and Poole.   A photo from 1938 shows six drivers: Johnny Bowring, Fred Hann, Percy Davis, Bill Ironside, Arthur Ironside and Charlie Ironside.  The firm's first wartime acquisition was the business of W J Laws in June 1940, and his route from Briantspuddle, Tolpuddle and Puddletown to Dorchester was added to the growing network.  During the war the smaller operators faced many difficulties; extra passengers had to be carried, a scarcity of fuel and resources, and time expired vehicles in need of replacement.   Bere Regis and District Motor Services were ever ready to buy up routes to expand their network.  (A full list of operators taken over is here).  After the war the medley of radial village services was melded into a comprehensive network of interurban services across mid-Dorset.

From a one vehicle operation in 1929, by 1945 the fleet size had reached 40 vehicles. So with the end of the war it was now necessary to turn attention to renewing the vehicle fleet.  This started in 1946 with the delivery of ten new Bedford OB's to the business, as well as a varied mix of second hand vehicles - including two ex-Chester Leyland Titan TD4s, AFM518/519, which were the firm's very first double-deckers.  These were usually employed on the Bere Regis - Poole, Bere Regis - Dorchester and Dorchester - Sherborne routes (services 1, 1a, 2 and 4 in the 1949 list of routes reproduced below).   A further Titan TD2 YG710 followed in 1948, and it is thought three ex-London STLs were acquired in 1954.  The only other double deckers operated by the company were two more modern looking 1947 Leyland PD1s that were acquired in 1949 from Hants & Sussex (FCG526/527) and were in the fleet until 1960.

The vehicles were painted in a livery of mid and dark brown, from which came the 'brown bombers' nickname we used as children in Dorset.  The livery came from the three partners, the dark brown from Toop, the other brown from Ironside and the red around the windows from Davis (whose own buses had been red).  The halcyon years for bus operations were post-war in the late 1940s and early 1950s.  At this time Ironside ran the Dorchester depot and office, with Toop at Bere Regis and Davis at Sturminster Newton.  There were also substantial numbers of school and works contracts, as well as wide-ranging forces leave express services from Portland Dockyard; Bovington, Blandford, Piddlehinton and Lulworth Camps to destinations including Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Doncaster and Liverpool; and of course a wide range of private hire work.  As the years went by  the coaching types of operation would become progressively more and more important than the bus services.


Harry's Bus


Harry Oliver stands proudly besides his double decker FCG 526.  Harry worked for Bere Regis & District for many years and he drove this particular bus on the service to Poole.  The conductor he worked with was a lady but we can't  remember her name (was it Peggy?).  This photo was taken in the car park of the Greyhound Inn in Winterborne Kingston the year of the coronation 1953 and it is believed it was the carnival entry winning first prize.  Harry also drove coaches on various school runs and lived at 83 West Street, Bere Regis.  He was married to Alice Georgina Brown, a local girl. We believe Harry came originally from the village of Winterborne Kingston.


photo courtesy of Mike Burt

Haary Oliver's Bus 1953


In July 1959 the daily trunk services from Bere Regis to Poole (routes 1 and 2) and Dorchester (routes 1a and 3) were sold to Hants & Dorset, who had also operated over the 1 and 2 routes for many years with their services 91 and 90 respectively (inherited from the George Vacher takeover in 1930).  The Poole routes warranted double deck operation  and were sufficiently busy in the 1950s that the 5.30pm from Poole on route 1 often had to be duplicated, usually by a Bedford OB coach.  Tickets of the two companies were not interavailable and the Bere Regis fares were generally a penny cheaper.  H&D had kept a bus outstationed in Bere Regis ever since 1930.  Whereas Bere Regis & District had provided the majority of the timings on the route to Poole via Bloxworth (1 / 91), the opposite was true on the route via  Kingston and Zelstone (2 / 90).  H&D increased the frequency of their timings to compensate for the loss of the Bere Regis services, and also introduced new route 11a from Bere Regis to Dorchester to replace the old 1a and 3.   By now the focus of Bere Regis operations had moved away from the village in which it had been founded, westwards towards the county town of Dorchester - a town which had always been at the centre of independent bus operation in Dorset.


The office at 7 Bridport Road, Dorchester, showing the model coach which adorned the front of the premises
for many years.  Always a favourite with the children!         
photo courtesy of Henry Frier

By 1961 the fleet size had grown to 92 vehicles including AEC Regal (plus a solitary Reliance); Bedford OB and SB (also two OWB's); Commer, Daimler, Dennis and Maudslay; and Leyland Tigers, Tiger Cubs and Royal Tigers - but still with a preponderance of second hand vehicles.  This grand total of 92 included 5 minibus 11-seaters (two Bedford CAV / Martin Walker and three Morris J2), all the other vehicles in the fleet at this time were coaches except for one solitary bus, LWR377, a 1951 36-seater Duple bodied Daimler Freeline, which had come to Bere Regis from Ledgards of Yorkshire in 1960.  Twelve of the fourteen Bedford SB's had Plaxton bodies and were new to the firm in 1959 and 1960.

A new central depot and workshop were established in 1964 on the Poundbury Industrial Estate in Dorchester, as successor to the original Bridport Road base in the county town (which had been acquired when Whitty's business was taken over in 1942).  By 1966 there were 89 vehicles in the by now exclusively single deck fleet - of which 58 were Bedfords.  Still over sixty per cent were second hand purchases and the policy at the time was to run vehicles into the ground.  During the 1960s and 1970s some of the long established bus routes were withdrawn and operations handed over to other operators on the same road, eg Ironside's original service Dorchester - Winfrith - East Knighton passed to Dorset Queen in 1965 and Dorchester - Frampton passed to Pearce in 1975.

Percy Davis was the first of the three partners to die, on 19th May 1964 aged 56, and he is buried in St Andrews churchyard in Bloxworth.  Next to go to the big bus garage in the sky in 1970 was the firm's Managing Partner for many years, Bill Ironside.  This left the firm in the hands of the original founder Reg Toop, who as last of the three partners died in 1973.  Reg was remembered by the late Mervyn House of Mid-Dorset Coaches as 'someone who would help anybody'.  Following Reg's death, during the 1970s and 1980s, whilst the trading name remained Bere Regis & District, the operating licences were held in the name of 'the trustees of R W Toop deceased'.  Reg's widow Ethel left the day-to-day management of the business in the capable hands of Traffic Manager Maurice Crocker (who died in 1982) and General Manager Ray Roper, both of whom had worked for the firm for many many years. Henry Frier joined the firm as Traffic Manager in 1983.

1/- return
Bere Regis celebrated the 50th anniversary of the firm's founding in 1979, and the remaining core network of bus routes was to continue largely unchanged until the deregulation of buses in 1986.  By then the overall fleet size was 83 vehicles, garaged at Dorchester (which had been the head office for many years), and also at Bere Regis, Blandford, Hazelbury Bryan, Sherborne, Wimborne and Weymouth. 

A daily express coach service from Dorset to London was started in June 1983.  Private hire, contract work, holidays and tours had become more important than bus operation over the years and at the time of bus deregulation in 1986 only a few of the services were registered to run commercially without benefit of council subsidy (Bovington - Crossways - Dorchester and Duntish - Piddle Valley - Dorchester).  Thus several of Bere Regis' traditional routes were lost to other operators as part of the county council's competitive tendering process.   The Dorchester - Cerne Abbas - Sherborne trunk route passed to a very unlikely named operator, Air Camelot of Wincanton, whilst another important route Blandford - Sturminster Newton - Okeford Fitzpaine went to Oakfield Travel of Blandford.
ticket 1/6 return

the Bere regis depot in Blandford
JHS420 in Blandford
The Bere Regis depot in East Street, Blandford, in October 1967.  By then many bus routes were operated by coaches.  (Photo Simon Brown).
Bere Regis Bedford SB JHS420 laying over between runs, also in Blandford in October 1967.  (Photo Simon Brown).

In 1989, Bere Regis introduced a town service in Dorchester.  Although based in the town, their bus operations had always been on village and interurban routes, and they had not previously operated locally within the county town. The town services had been operated initially by private operators who succumbed to Southern National in the 1930s; in the 1980s the town services were operated for several years by Interbus, an operating arm of Barrys Coaches of Weymouth, before reverting to Western National (as Southern National had by then become).  Other successful Bere Regis operations at this time included considerable works contract operations for BP to and from the Wytch oilfield in Purbeck, involving up to 25 vehicles at the peak, and the daily express coach service to London started by Henry Frier in 1983.  The express continued under the First Dorset Transit banner, then operation passed to Bluebird of Weymouth from November 2003, but only for a few more years. Now there is only National Express on the route.

Ray Roper retired in 1993 and Henry Frier succeeded him as General Manager. The Bere Regis firm survived as a complete entity until 1994 when most of the operations and the Dorchester base were sold to Dorchester Coachways / West Dorset Coaches - a new firm which was part of the Cawlett group who also controlled Southern National. 

A small nucleus of private hire vehicles remained under the Bere Regis Coaches name, operated by Reg Toop's daughter Sandra Wylie and her husband Alex.   These were garaged in Wimborne and controlled from an office in Blandford.  Whilst the operations disposed of in Dorchester and west Dorset prospered - and passed with the Cawlett group to the First Group in 1999, operating from the year 2000 under the trading name First Dorchester - those at Blandford did not, and regrettably the proud name of Bere Regis Coaches faded away on 30th September 1995 after 66 years traveling the highways and byways of rural Dorset.

From April 2001, the headquarters of the Bere Regis firm - which had been in Dorchester for many years past, firstly at Bridport Road and then in the old barracks on The Grove trading estate - were closed.  The premises in The Grove had passed to Dorchester Coachways in 1994 and then in 1999 to their successors First Dorchester.  The link was finally broken on 22nd April with the closure of First Dorchester and the transfer of the vehicles and drivers to operate from First Southern National's Weymouth depot. 

Long time Bere Regis general manager Ray Roper died in retirement in May 2001 at the age of 81.  And then in January 2006 sadly we also had to record the death of Maurice Norman, one of the old Bere Regis drivers, and a great friend of the present writer for many years.







 

  Front and back covers of 1949 timetable 

 

1949_timetable
bellgraphic ticket
 
parcel ticket

This is the list of routes from the 1949 timetable above
   
route_list_1949   Days of Operation

Of the services listed here, the daily 7 days a week routes were:

1, 1A, 4, 5, 16, 17, 18, 26, 29, 32

Six days a week services (Sundays excepted):  6-7, 10, 12, 28

Five days (not Thursday or Sunday): 11

Five days (not Monday or Thursday): 13, 14,

Four days (Mon, Fri, Sat, Sun): 2

Four days (Tue, Wed, Fri, Sat): 9

Four days (Mon, Tue, Fri, Sat):19

Four days (Tue, Thu, Sat, Sun): 27

Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday only service: 35

Wednesday and Saturday only services: 3, 15, 23, 31

Thursday and Saturday only service: 21

Thursday only: 8, 22, 24, 33     Friday only: 34

Tuesday only: 20                  Saturday only: 25 

Monday only: 30

 

 

kingland_road   In the post war years, the routes from Dorchester to Sherborne and from Bere Regis to Poole were busy enough to warrant double deck operation.  Waiting at the Kingland Road terminus by the Ladies Walking Field in Poole, on route 1 to Bere Regis via Lytchett Matravers and Bloxworth, is a rather dirty Leyland Titan TD4 AFM519 with 52 seat Massey body.  This was of 1936 vintage and was one half of a pair purchased in 1946 from Chester (the other was AFM518).  519 was sold in January 1957 - and ended up eventually as a chicken shed - whilst 518 was scrapped in December 1958.  Another Leyland was acquired in 1948.  This was a TD2, registered YG710, new to Ripponden & District in 1932, and with two other owners before coming south.  It originally had a 51 seater Leyland body and was sold in December 1952 by which time Bere Regis had rebodied it as a 32 seater coach!
     
bere_depot   I used to see the 1.30 pm lunchtime departure from Poole to Bere Regis on a daily basis when I attended Poole Grammar School, until the Poole routes passed to Hants and Dorset in 1959. Another regular performer was ex-Hants & Sussex FCG527, seen here at the other end of route 1, freshly washed and glistening in the sunshine in the Bere Regis depot yard.   This was a Leyland PD1 with Northern Coachbuilders 55-seater lowbridge body, and was new to Hants & Sussex in 1947.  Again one half of a pair, the other being FCG526, which was sold in 1960, whilst 527 was scrapped in the same year. To complete the list of BR&D deckers, there were three 1936 AEC Regents from London Transport (class STL), all with 56 seats, acquired in 1954.  These were CXX289, DGX286 and BLH793, but these three may not have been operated and only bought for spares and eventually scrapped by BR&D. Thus in total Bere Regis had at one time or another eight double-deckers.


The route map below shows the network of Bere Regis bus routes in 1956.  Many of the routes on the map are market-day type services only running on one or two days a week.  The daily routes were 1 Poole - Bere Regis, 1A Bere Regis - Dorchester, 4 Dorchester - Sherborne, 5 Dorchester - Yeovil, 6 Dorchester - Sturminster Newton, 16 Blandford - Okeford Fitzpaine, 17 Shaftesbury - Woolland and 18 Yeovil - Sturminster Newton.  (NB Some of the services have been renumbered from those given in the list of routes from the 1949 timetable above, as by 1956 routes  7   20   22   24   28  29   33    34  and  35 had been withdrawn (using their 1949 numbers!)).  Note also that Wimborne is no longer served by any bus route (although there was still a garage there at the time).   The motif illustrated was used by Bere Regis for many years.

route_map


THE BEGINNING - a pre-war timetable, thought to date from 1936 and to be the first timetable issued by the newly formed partnership.

1936tt_1

1936tt_2

Bill Ironside

Bill Ironside in 1936

Percy Davis
Percy Davis in 1938

1936tt_3


       
THE END - the press report on the end of Bere Regis Coaches in 1995

press report - the end 1995

ray roper


General Manager Ray Roper pictured
on his 70th birthday in 1989

(photo courtesy of Henry Frier)





The development of the Bere Regis & District bus service network from 1949 to 1979 is outlined here in a chart listing the routes.

A list of the operators acquired by Bere Regis & District over the years is here.

Henry Frier remembers A Day at The Grove (the Bere Regis office in Dorchester in the 1980s).

Colin Hallett remembers his days at the Sherborne depot in the 1980s - Coached the Bere Regis way.

Colin Miller's reminiscences of a bygone age when his father was a driver for Bere Regis are here.

Some further pictures of their coaches can be found here.

Another selection of pictures (by Malcolm Knight) can be found here.


======== with thanks to Henry Frier and Roger Grimley for much help and assistance over many years ========


cover of new book August 2015: a paperback fleet list published by WHOTT

BERE REGIS & DISTRICT MOTOR SERVICES
a fleet history from start to end

compiled by Stuart Shelton

Available from the publishers, £17.70 including postage
new Bere Regis book



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