|LES CARS DAUPHINOIS|
SARL LES CARS DAUPHINOIS
14, boulevard Gambetta
38 LA TOUR DU PIN
For this rather complicated story, we leave the Rhône (69) to enter the Isère (38).
The company was set up in December 1969 with a capital of 30,000 F.
The shareholders were Gaston Allagnat of La Tour du Pin, and Cars Faure of Valencin, each with 50%.
The primary objective was to group under a single umbrella the rights to routes held by Allagnat and by Mr Poulet of Biol, although many of these were leased to third parties to operate. Initially, the rights would be exercised for three years from 01/01/1970 and then be tacitly renewable.
As a preliminary requirement, on 23/12/69, Allagnat and Poulet each signed a “contrat de location gérance” in favour of Cars Dauphinois, signing over their rights in exchange for an annual rental of 4,800 F for POULET and 12,000 F for ALLAGNAT.
The routes involved were clearly defined:
Almost immediately at the end of January 1970, Armand Louis Désiré Poulet, born in Biol on 30/07/1911, and his wife Renée Joséphine Chavrot, born at La Tour du Pin on 12/03/1908, sold the goodwill of their transport interests to Cars Faure of Valençin for 60,000 F. A taxi business and a hearse for funerals were excluded from the deal.
We learn that the Poulet business had been built up over the years by:
24/09/1935 14,000 F Acquisition from Jules Poulet and his wife (Louis’ parents?)
18/11/1942 50,000 F Acquisition from Marie-Louise Besançon veuve Joguet
02/06/1955 300,000 F Acquisition from the Dechenaux family of Torchefelon and Doissin
The final financial figures were:
1966 Turnover 199,832 F Profit 50,378 F
1967 Turnover 231,112 F Profit 40,449 F
1968 Turnover 263,173 F Profit 58,858 F
1969 9m Turnover 233,135 Profit 25,000 F estimated
In 1973, Cars PIEGA of Champier (38) was acquired and integrated into Cars Dauphinois.
In 1986, Cars Dubois of Pont de Beauvoisin was acquired and 4 years later was renamed Autocars Faure.
In 1992, Faure acquired the whole of the capital of Cars Dauphinois.
In 1994, Faure acquired Voyages du Guier of Pont de Beauvoisin, and merged it with Cars Dauphinois to become the present day Autocars Faure, which has depots at La Tour du Pin and Pont de Beauvoisin, and appears to retain some autonomy although it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between Autocars Faure and Cars Faure of Valencin.
Origins and personalities
So now we know what happened to Cars Dauphinois between its creation in 1969 and its demise in 1994, we can turn our attention to the origins of some of the routes, and the personalities involved.
His main route was Pont de Beauvoisin to Lyon via Chimilin and Corbelin, which the Ponts & Chaussées referred to as route 61.
Pont de Beauvoisin in tramway days
In 1932, it was operated by two vehicles of unknown make:
6088 HK 2 26 seats + 6 standing
6667 HK 1 32 seats + 12 standing
In 1937 these were replaced by:
4922 HK 4 Saurer 1CRD chassis 42249 21 seats Lyon permit 154
2524 HK 3 Berliet PC6 chassis 46706 27 seats Lyon permit 191
After the war, he was authorized to revert to his pre-war frequency of 2 daily returns, on 16/11/1949.
Dubois letter-head in 1950
Dubois timetable in 1953
In 1965, Henri Dubois passed away. The business was converted to a limited liability company, Cars H. Dubois et Cie, place de la Poste, Pont-de-Beauvoisin, and the heirs – his widow, Fidéline MURIT, daughter, Renée DUBOIS épouse ROSTAING, and son Georges DUBOIS, born on 16/01/32, became the shareholders.
The intangible assets were the Lyon route as previously recorded, and an assortment of excursion licences, summarized as 3 for the Isère (58 to 60), one for Savoie (101) and 1 for the Rhône (380201).
There were also 2 schools circuits for the Lycée Nationalisé de Pont-de-Beauvoisin, one via Domessin and one via Chimilin and Romagnieu. And a licence for a travel agency – n° 63130 – issued on 23/04/1963. All the above was valued at 150,000 FRF.
Then there were the vehicles.
40 PQ 38 Berliet PHM 1964 valued at 110,000 FRFAs recorded above, Faure subsequently acquired the business in 1986.
474 LR 38 Berliet PHG 1962 50,000
133 KQ 38 Berliet PAH 1961 40,000
426 GS 38 Berliet PLH 1958 40,000
833 JA 38 Berliet PLH 1959 35,000
335 FX 38 Berliet PLR 1957 25,000
908 MQ 38 Berliet PLB 1956 23,000
515 MQ 38 Peugeot DHB 1964 15,000
392 NJ 38 Peugeot 404 1963 6,500
But before then, Dubois acquired another route of interest – Novalaise to Lyon.
Novalaise (Savoie) is a village of 2,000 inhabitants roughly
half way between Pont de Beauvoisin and Chambery.
In 1933, a Novalaise – Lyon route was run by Marius NEYRET, who lived there. His widow subsequently took over, but on 15/02/1935 she sold to Georges THOMAS, based at St. Bonnet de Mure (in the Isère at the time, now in the Rhône). With the sale went two vehicles:
1483 HK 1 Delahaye 83.59 chassis 22041 27 seats Lyon permit 138
291 QN 1 UNIC M8C2 chassis 67066 27 seats Lyon permit 140
Thomas was not long in selling on to André PACCARD, of St. Clair de la Tour, on 09/09/38, whereupon a certain stability was achieved.
Paccard 1949 timetable
Paccard 1952 timetable
Paccard sold to Cars Lafond of Lyon on 12/10/1961, at which time the service frequency was one daily return with a second on Mon/Sat/Sun/Bank holidays. The sale also included excursion licences for St. Genix and Pont de Beauvoisin.
And finally Lafond sold to Dubois on 01/12/1966. In 1971, the CTDs of Rhône and Isère were both in agreement to an additional Saturday return, after which no more is heard of this route.
The route from DOLOMIEU to LYON
Dolomieu is an unremarkable village of 3,000 inhabitants, less than 10 miles away from your writer. It is hard to believe in 2019 that 80 years ago, it merited the role of a terminus for a regular service from Lyon.
Dolomieu – the main square
We first hear of the route as it was in 1932, when in the hands of Joseph ARGOUD, of Vignieu (Isère). The Dolomieu terminus was at the Café Rojon, and the Lyon terminus at Place Bellecour, Café Chapuis.
The following timetables probably date from that year.
On 21/10/1933 there was the usual complaint from OTL – unfair competition on the section Lyon – Bron, resolved as usual by a ban on local traffic on that section.
The route was classified at the Préfecture under reference 71E, and I learnt that Serie E applies to those routes supposed to have their Lyon terminus on the Cours Albert Thomas, and that leave Lyon along the route de Grenoble corridor.
As at 26/07/1934, Argoud was recorded by the authorities as having two Lyon parking permits (53 and 54) and as operating 3 vehicles:
2367 HK 1 Saurer 3 BH Chassis 50094 31 seats plus 9 standing
1430 HK 3 Berliet PA8 Chassis 62551 37 seats
6089 HK 2 Berliet 26 seats plus 6 standing
But on 10/01/1934, Argoud advised the Préfecture that he had stopped running as of 30/12/1933, and supplied a “Déclaration de Substitution”, handing over on 30/01/1934 to Valentin PONCET of St. Savin.
Mr Poncet appears to have taken on the Saurer 3BH with permit 53. Below is a rudimentary timetable.
But this did not last long. On 28/04/1934, Poncet was replaced by a partnership of BILLEMATZ and ARGOUD, Mr Billematz presumably providing financial or technical assistance that had been lacking.
Then two new names enter the frame. On 07/08/1936 it is recorded that Mr ALLOIN had taken over from Argoud, whilst on 09/01/1937, Claude DARPHEUIL claims to be the operator as a result of the “Déclaration de substitution” dated 30/09/1936.
It needs to be understood that an individual at the time could be the proprietor of the rights to a route, without necessarily operating it himself. He could lease the route out to a third person. It is not always clear who is the owner, and who the operator, and there are discrepancies where the information available is incomplete.
The only reference during the war years is that on 04/03/1940, Mme Darpheuil, of rue Sébastien Gryphe in Lyon, wanted to lease the route to a Mr Demaille, domiciled in Vignieu. Claude Joseph DARPHEUIL had been called up for military service in the 14e Train des Equipages, Group 136, 753e Compagnie Automobile, and at the same time, his vehicle had been commandeered. Alloin had lent his wife a vehicle, but she preferred the idea of Mr Demaille proposing to take over until the end of the hostilities. He did manage to operate from 1940 until 1943.
Things become a little clearer when on 11/06/1945 Claude DARPHEUIL sold the business to Jean ALLOIN for 50,000 F.
Claude Darpheuil, domiciled in Dolomieu, was born on 16/09/1912.
JC Alloin, domiciled in St Jean de Bournay, was born on 17/04/1896
The route Dolomieu – Montcarra – St. Savin – Bourgoin – Lyon was currently leased to Mme Marie-Louise Besançon, wife of Marc JOGUET, domiciled in Montalieu-Vercieu. She later continued operating when his widow.The lease dated from 02/09/1943 and the rental was 2,650 F per month. There was also a market day service from Dolomieu to La Tour du Pin on Tuesdays and Fair days.
Darpheuil had ceased operating the route himself in 1940, when it was first leased to Virginie Demaille at a rental of 7,200 F per year, then to Mme Joguet as above.
The document says that Darpheuil acquired the business from Alloin for 28,000 F on 30/09/1936, and Alloin had acquired it from Joseph François Argoud on 16/07/1936 for the same price.
The key to this mystery is a document which states that in 1939, frequency on the route was 1 return per day with a second on Sundays, and that Claude Darpheuil had been specifically chosen by Alloin to own and look after the business while he, Alloin, was in the army on war service, with all the risks involved. It is possible that Darpheuil was Alloin’s nephew. Alloin survived the war safely.
The Alloin timetable for Dolomieu – Lyon in 1953
Alloin continued to operate until 27/12/1957 when he sold to Mr Allagnat, who immediately requested a small change in itinerary between Dolomieu and Montcarra in order to provide a service to Rochetoirin. The CTD agreed this.
Mr Alloin had another important route, from Lyon to Villette d’Anthéon (and Pont de Cheruy) which he had operated since 27/04/1931.
This fascinating document, though undated, must come from the war years.
It is an allocation chart for his vehicles, with the services operated on town gas clearly identified
1933 and 1935 timetables for the Alloin route
Alloin letter heading in 1939
In 1940, the Comité des Usagers wanted changes to timings _
Departures from Jonage 05.55 07.10 13.00 18.00There is no evidence that this was accepted.
Departures from Lyon 08.00 16.00 17.30 19.10
In January 1941 Alloin was described as a sub-contractor to the TOD (Tramways dauphinoises), and supposed routes included:
- 3 daily returns from Villeurbanne (Place de la Mairie) to Pont de Cheruy via Villette d’Anthéon, using 2 vehicles, both 35 seats plus 24 standing, one town gas, one diesel (see vehicle allocation chart above).
Villette d’Anthéon – place de la Mairie in 1908
In reality, he was running 2 daily returns to Pont de Cheruy, but leaving from Lyon Gare de l’Est, which was closed later in the 1950s, and two daily returns to Villette d’Anthéon, also leaving from Lyon Gare de l’Est. These four journeys were regularly overloaded.
Alloin was ready to add a fifth (see proposed timing on the vehicle allocation chart), but was put off by the queues at the Gaz de Lyon filling station at Perrache, the only place in Lyon to supply town gas for HGVs.
In February 1941, the Régie VFD wanted to purchase Alloin’s routes, a suggestion that had been agreed by the CRCD – Comité restreint de coordination départementale – in December 1940. The Régie intended to use 2 Berliet gazogène à bois with 35 setas and 10 standing (the maximum load for the limited power of the engine.
The trail stops there.
C. R. D’EATH - 03/11/2019
More imformation about pre-war bus services from the town of Bourgoin can be found here.
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